Joel L. Nitzkin, MD, MPH, DPA
Principal Consultant, JLN, MD Associates, L.L. C.
4939 Chestnut Street, New Orleans, LA 70115-2941
Office and Mobile (504) 606-7043
I am a physician administrator with a master’s degree in public health, a doctorate in public administration, and board certification in Preventive Medicine. My forte is dealing with health issues on a group or population basis. This involves policy development, administration, research, expert witness work, and investigation to determine the causation of health-related problems and how best to address them. The goal is not medical treatment, but determination of how future illness, injury and medical complications can best be prevented.
Combining medical, epidemiologic and management/finance skills enables me to generate recommendations that are durable and sound from medical, public health and management/finance perspectives.
I was attracted to public health while still in medical school. I experienced the power of a simple community intervention to eliminate a major health problem. (see Post Sophomore Fellow, page 4) After hospital internship, I spent two years as a communicable disease control officer for the Centers for Disease Control, then secured a master’s degree in Public Health. In the early 1970’s, I broadened my focus to the full range of preventive services provided by a local health department, secured a Doctorate in Public Administration, and Board Certification in Preventive Medicine. For the next 13 years, I served as Director of an urban health department (Rochester, NY). While local health director, I was an active member of boards of directors in health insurance, hospital, long term care and mental health entities. In 1989, I came to Louisiana as State Health Officer and Director of the Louisiana Office of Public Health. This was my second politically appointed job, and the second time I had been hired to “fix” a “broken” public health agency. Over the next 27 months, until the inauguration of the next governor, I energetically and successfully did the job I was hired to do. At that point, having fallen in love with New Orleans, I decided to stay, and started a new career as a consultant in the private practice of public health. Since then, I have taken on a number of short-term full and part-time assignments dealing with correctional health, leprosy, healthcare quality, telemedicine, and home care. In 1997, I incorporated as JLN, MD Associates, LLC, and have served in that capacity ever since.
I have served on multiple national advisory committees and commissions. I was President of the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) 1985-89 and President of the American Association of Public Health Physicians (AAPHP) 1996-1998.
I have been actively involved in professional education and mentoring for my entire career. While in Miami in the early 1970’s I directed a Preventive Medicine Residency program. From the early 1970’s through 1992, I supervised an unbroken string of Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) assignees in Florida, New York and Louisiana. Everywhere I have been located; I have been active in the teaching and research agendas of local medical schools and schools of public health. As both consultant and expert witness, I currently deal with prevention, emergency preparedness and response, infectious and communicable diseases and quality of healthcare delivery in hospital, nursing home, prison and high-risk occupational settings. Since 2007, I have devoted much of my time and energy to tobacco policy issues at the national level.
As previously noted, my forte is dealing with health-related problems on a group or population basis, utilizing a combination of medical, epidemiologic and management/finance skills.
On a personal basis, I am widowed, have two grown children, and enjoy jazz, scuba diving, travel, genealogy, and a lead role within a Mardi Gras krewe.
Health Policy Consultant:
JLN, MD Associates, L.L.C. New Orleans, LA 1992-1994, and 1997 to Present
Tobacco Policy: Beginning in 2007, as co-chair of the Tobacco Control Task Force of the American Association of Public Health Physicians (AAPHP), I played a lead role in exploring policy options for reducing tobacco-attributable illness, death and addiction in the USA. That exploration focused my attention on tobacco harm reduction as a potential life-saving measure, and on other problematic aspects of current American tobacco control policy. In 2010, I was advised by federal authorities that their commitment to a tobacco-free-society was such that they would not support any research or policy development considering the possibility that e-cigarettes and smokeless products could be used to reduce tobacco-related addiction, illness and death. To continue my work in this arena, I structured a relationship with the R Street Institute (www.rstreet.org ) as a consultant with the title Senior Fellow for Tobacco Policy. R Street is a right-of-center free-market think tank in Washington DC. It the role of government in regulating the marketplace to address honesty, health and environmental issues, but is concerned when governments impose excessively harsh restrictions on the marketplace when wisely structured marketplace interventions could yield better health and environmental results. R Street became interested in tobacco harm reduction when, in 2010, FDA attempted to remove e-cigarettes from the market as unlicensed drug-device products. In my capacity as a Senior Fellow for tobacco Policy, I was provided an R Street retainer that enabled me to devote about a third of my time to tobacco-policy issues and cover tobacco-related travel and other costs through March 2019. Since then I have continued working in the tobacco control arena on a voluntary basis.
Faculty appointment at the level of Associate Clinical Professor, Virginia Commonwealth University, School of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Community Health (Richmond, VA). This appointment is to enable me to function as part-time clinical faculty for purposes of providing both on-site and distance-based instruction in policy and management skills and help develop research agendas. September 2007 through June 2010.
Preventive Services ToolKit (PSTK): Principal Investigator on federally funded (CDC) project to develop and present seminar/workshops for public health professionals, clinicians and healthcare administrators on how best to expand and create new preventive services in healthcare settings and how best to partner with community groups to encourage and enable community-based preventive services. This eight-hour curriculum achieves these goals by teaching selected epidemiologic, policy and management skills to doctors, nurses and other technically trained health professionals. This was supported by CDC from September 2005 through December 2009. It is still being taught, under the aegis of the American Association of Public Health Physicians (AAPHP). A description of the curriculum and how to set up a PSTK seminar can be found on the AAPHP website at www.aaphp.org, under “Resources.
Principal Investigator on a locally funded project to do a Needs Assessment and develop a Strategic Plan for the New Orleans Health Department, 2003.
Principal Investigator on federally funded (SAMHSA) project to review the literature on preventive mental health services that should be implemented in healthcare settings. The final report includes over 500 bibliographic references and the evidence base, description of interventions and guidelines for planning and evaluation of 15 clinical preventive behavioral health services, covering all age groups. 2002 to 2004. This report was published as a 180 page “clinical update” monograph. It is accessible on the Internet and is now in its second printing.
Consultant to Ochsner Health Plan, New Orleans for disease management and quality assurance in preparation for NCQA site visit. All materials generated by JLN secured “full” acceptance by the NCQA review team. 2001.
Principal Investigator on four federally funded projects, on behalf of Engineering Management & Economics, Inc.: Interactive Guide to Community Preventive Services, Centers for Disease Control, September 2000; Geographic Information System Enhancement of Community Planning for Cardiovascular Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, June 1999; Listen to Your Heart Project (computer and web-based educational materials and administrative decision-support simulator to get patients experiencing symptoms suggestive of a heart attack into definitive medical care more rapidly) National Library of Medicine/NIH, November 1998; Automated Simulation Analysis Platform for Health Care Project (computer simulation program to project costs and benefits of implementation of preventive programming for adult onset diabetics) Centers for Disease Control, September 1997.
Policy consultant to Merck & Co. relative to development of innovative risk assessment based wellness programming for selected municipal and corporate clients, 2000
Policy advisor for development of integrated set of management information systems for the El Paso County Department of Health, Colorado Springs, CO, 2000
Medical Director, LifeStyle Directions, Inc., Monaca, PA, 1996 to 2000 – provision of medical, epidemiological and policy guidance to LDI relative to their family of health risk assessment questionnaires, report forms and program components.
Medicare quality assurance - helped develop Health Care Quality Improvement Initiative for Louisiana Health Care Review (Louisiana’s Peer Review Organization)
Hansen’s Disease Center, Carville, LA - program evaluation, strategic planning and successful advocacy for addition of $1.4 million for 1993 budget and $3 million for 1994 budget
Correctional Health Liaison- development of new medical and mental health policies and procedures within the Louisiana State prison system, and improved communications with the Charity Hospital system. This was to improve the quality and consistency of care provided to jail and prison inmates in Louisiana, and do so in a cost-efficient manner.
JLN, MD Associates, L.L.C. New Orleans, LA 1992-1994, and 1997 to Present
I have served as a substantive or expert witness for most of my career, with many depositions and a handful of court appearances. Much, but not all of this, was in the context of my public health work, or voluntary activities in the field of tobacco control. From 1992 through October 2020, I served as expert witness in 140 cases. Of these, 22 were food poisoning cases, 24 nosocomial (hospital related) infections, and 48 prison/jail health. 19 related to other community-acquired infections, 10 to other aspects of health care quality, 10 to deaths in critically ill patients who were not evacuated for Hurricane Katrina, 5 were tobacco-related, 1 drug related and 1 employment discrimination. I served the plaintiff in 99 of these cases, defense in the other 41. During this period, in addition to record review and related research, I provided 26 depositions and 15 court appearances. As an expert witness, I see my goal as the elimination of ambiguity, seeking out-of-court settlements wherever possible. While I have not tracked the numbers, I estimate that I decline about one third of the cases brought to my attention on the basis of an initial impression that the opposing party should prevail.
Louisiana State University School of Medicine New Orleans, LA 1994-1997
Principal Investigator, Louisiana TELEMEDicine Research Project. This involved initial development of LSU telemedicine program, development of a management information system, and working with stakeholders to expand the system. 1993-1996
Medical Director, University Home Care. 1994-1997
Consultant to Medical Center of Louisiana at New Orleans (Charity and University hospitals) on disease and demand management, continuity of care, and compliance with JCAHCO and HCFA guidelines 1995-1997
Medical Director and Management Consultant to, Daughters of Charity Neighborhood Health Partnership (DCNHP) 1995-1996
State Health Director:
Louisiana Office of Public Health New Orleans, LA 1989-1992
As state public health director, I carried the title “Assistant Secretary for the Office of Public Health.” This involved three very different responsibilities: 1) Medical Director, 2) Health Officer (official responsible for enforcement of State Sanitary Code), and 3) Chief Executive Officer of the state public health agency with headquarters, nine regional offices, 62 local health departments and three laboratories. I was hired to “fix” a “broken” and demoralized public health agency that had drifted for 18 months without top-level leadership. During that 18 months there had been major cuts and no enhancements. With “fix” as a mandate, I provided the administrative and political leadership that resulted in agency growth from 1,800 to 2,100 staff positions and from $136 million to $172 million annual budget, all during my 27-month tenure. Of the $36 million in new annual revenues, $25 million was in recurring federal funding, most of which has continued to this day. One major political victory resulted in six million dollars in new funding (annual recurring) was from a single act of the state legislature to dramatically upgrade the safe drinking water program. Another legislative victory was adoption of Louisiana’s first state-level clean indoor air (anti-smoking) legislation.
County Health Director:
Monroe County Health Department Rochester, NY 1976-1989
I was Medical Director, Health Officer and Chief Executive Officer of local government agency with 450 staff and a $12 million budget. During this period, I developed and implemented new data systems, quadrupled home health agency revenues in the first three years, played major role in Emergency and Disaster Planning relative to Ginna Nuclear Plant, bomb threats and possible bioterrorist attacks, played major leadership roles on the Boards of Directors of health insurance, hospital, long term care and mental health entities and served as president of one local, one state, and one national organization. These were the local chapter of the American Society for Public Administration, State Health Director’s Association and the National Association of County Health Directors (now the National Association of City and County Health Officers – NACCHO).
While there, I worked closely with the Monroe County Jail and the Jail Health Project of the American Medical Association in the initial development of the health standards that later became the National Commission on Correctional Health Care (NCCHC) standards for accreditation of prison and jail health programs.
I also supervised a continuous string of EIS Officers assigned to the MCHD under my supervision. Prior to my arrival, there had never been an EIS assigned to this local health department. After my departure, no others were assigned.
Chief, Office of Consumer Protection:
Dade County Health Department Miami, FL 1970-1976
I was the #3 person within the health department, basically in charge of everything within the agency that was not a maternal and child health clinic. I directed communicable and chronic disease control programs, immunization, tuberculosis and sexually transmitted disease clinics, vital records and nursing home inspection. I supervised a public health residency program and a continuous string of federally-assigned physician Epidemic Intelligence Service officers, each assigned for two years of work and for training in communicable disease control.
My staff and I played lead roles in designing and running health-related anti-terrorism programming for the 1972 Democratic and Republican National Conventions in Miami Beach, including health-related services for an encampment of several thousand “hippie” demonstrators. .
My most dramatic accomplishments were investigation and control of a large outbreak of typhoid fever in a migrant labor camp and development of an innovative childhood immunization program that eliminated local transmission of diseases preventable by routine childhood immunization for the final four and a half years of my six-year tenure in Miami. My successor eliminated this non-traditional program with the result that a measles epidemic recurred in the Model Cities section of the City within 12 months of my departure.
Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) Officer:
US Public Health Service,
(assigned from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) to Kentucky Department of Health, Frankfort, KY) 1967-1969
The EIS is a corps of health professionals (mainly but not entirely physicians) on call 24/7 to investigate and help control epidemics world-wide. It is a uniformed service in which (at least in the late 1960’s) physicians and other health professionals filled their two-year military obligations. When not investigating an epidemic, individual officers either conducted surveillance and research at the CDC or worked in a state or local health department to enhance their disease control capabilities.
Trained by CDC in epidemiology, biostatistics, surveillance, communicable disease control, bioterrorism and in family planning program design
Communicable disease investigation and control – my EIS experience consisted of investigation and control of multiple outbreaks stateside, including a large epidemic of infectious hepatitis, rebuilding the Kentucky state communicable disease surveillance system, and rewriting much of the state sanitary code
My one international assignment was a sixty-day tour of duty in Northern Nigeria to investigate reported cases of small pox and otherwise assist the regional smallpox eradication program. This was at the height of the Biafra conflict in Nigeria, requiring caution and extra-special care in dealing with local tribal leadership.
Post Sophomore Fellow:
Jerusalem and Kiryat Shmoneh, Israel 1963-1964
This experience, between my sophomore and junior years of medical school, diverted my career from clinical medicine to public health. I started as a hematology research fellow studying an “epidemic” of treatment-resistant megaloblastic anemia of pregnancy in a Moroccan immigrant community in Kiryat Shmoneh (a small town in northern Israel). With assistance and mentoring from Professor Sidney Kark (later the “father” of the American Social Medicine movement), I identified the social/behavioral cause of this epidemic and recommended a socially acceptable non-medical approach to both prevent and treat this life-threatening outbreak. This consisted of providing a huge lunch every day at the Hebrew language school attended by these Moroccan immigrant young women. Over a period of six to nine weeks, this severe folate-deficient anemia became a mild iron deficiency anemia, then resolved completely. Such a simple non-pharmacological intervention had not been previously considered. I was so impressed by the success of this non-medical intervention that I dedicated the rest of my career to public health; first as a medical epidemiologist, later as a local and state health director, and, even later, as a policy consultant and expert witness.
Public Health Leadership Institute, Berkeley, CA, Participating Scholar, 1991-1992
Nova University, Fort Lauderdale, FL, Doctor of Public Administration (DPA), 1977-1978
Nova University, Fort Lauderdale, FL, Master of Public Administration (MPA), 1975-1977
Dade County Health Department (Miami, FL) Residency in Public Health/General Preventive Medicine 1970-1974
University of California, Berkeley, CA, Master of Public Health(MPH), 1969-1970
Centers for Disease Control; Epidemic Intelligence Services (EIS): basic and specialized training in prevention and control of infectious and other diseases, bioterrorism and family planning; 1967-1969
Parkland Memorial Hospital, Dallas, TX, Internship(required for license to practice medicine), 1966-1967
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, School of Medicine, Medical Doctor(MD), 1961-1966
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, School of Liberal Arts, 1958-1961
Certification and Licensure
American Board of Preventive Medicine: Board Certification in Public Health as a sub-specialty of Preventive Medicine, 1974
I have been licensed to practice medicine since 1967 and have held licenses in Michigan, California, Kentucky, Florida, New York and Louisiana at various stages in my career. None of my licenses have ever been challenged or suspended. At this point, all are in inactive mode, having discontinued payment of annual license fees.
American Association of Public Health Physicians (AAPHP)
American College of Preventive Medicine (ACPM)
American Public Health Association (APHA)
American Medical sociation (AMA)
Publications and Presentations
Over 90 publications. One to five presentations at major national meetings almost every year since the mid-1980’s.
Since affiliating with the R Street Institute in 2010, I have generated over 50 publications, presentations to legislative bodies, letters to the editor and policy documents relating to e-cigarettes and tobacco harm reduction.
Curriculum vitae with current and past academic and other appointments, awards, publications and presentations available on request from email@example.com
Updated January 2021